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Gerund

Gerund adalah kata benda yg dibentuk dari kata kerja dengan

menambahkan ING form.

Contoh:
Kata Kerja Dasar
Gerund
Visit
Visiting
Go
Going
Travel
Travelling
Meet
Meeting
Love
Loving
Discuss
Discussing

FUNGSI GERUND
Gerund yang dibentuk dari kata kerj + ING berfungsi sebagai:
Pokok Kalimat (subjek)

Contoh

Smoking is bad for health.
Walking makes you healthy.
Singing is my hobby.
Travelling is a lot of fun
Cooking is one of my hobbies.
Does smoking make people sick?

Perhatikan kata yang tercetak tebal adalah  pokok kalimat. Pokok kalimat tidak harus satu kata tapi juga bisa lebih.

Contoh:
Saving money in a bank is better.
Jogging in the morning will be good for your health.
Writing articles about my experiences will give me a lot of benefits.

Perhatikan, kata-kata yang digaris bawahi adalah pokok kalimat dan kata yang berbentuk ING adalah gerund yang berfungsi sebagai subjeck.

GERUND SETELAH KATA KERJA TERTENTU

Kata kerja harus berbentuk ING apabila dipakai setelah kata-kata kerja berikut ini:

ENJOY, FINISH, AVOID,  POSTPONE, CONSIDER, ADMIT, PRACTICE,  PREFER, QUIT, RESIST, DELAY, SUGGEST, MIND, DENY, RECALL, RISK, ADMIT, IMAGINE, RESIST, COMPLETE, dan masih ada beberapa lagi yang belum disebut di sini.

Contoh Gerund setelah kata-kata kerja di atas:

  • She enjoys swimming on her own.
  • I haven't finished drinking my coffee.
  • I think I have to postpone going to Bali.
  • Please consider accepting this job.
  • He won't admit stealing the money.
  • You must practice reading and writing.
  • We prefer going by bus.
  • You must stop smoking if you want to be healthy.
  •  Would you mind not smoking here?
  • We have to avoid eating this if you want to stay slim.
Perhatikan kata-kata yang bercetak tebal di atas. Kata kerja dalam bentuk "ing" adalah gerund setelah kata-kata kerja tertentu. Silahkan Saudara membuat contoh-contoh lain yang belum diberikan.

Setelah kata-kata kerja berikut bisa diikuti oleh gerund atau infinitive:

REMEMBER, FORGET, STOP, LIKE, HATE, ADVISE, BEGIN, START, INTEND, CONTINUE, DISLIKE

Diikuti Gerund
Diikuti Infinitive
I stop eating apples.
I stop to eat apples
She continues  studying abroad.
She continues to study abroad.
They hate going on foot.
They hate to go on foot.
She intends living in England.
She intends to live in England.
We like sitting  here.
We like to sit here.
I will begin walking tomorrow
I will begin to walk tomorrow.

Kata kerja NEED juga dapat diikuti oleh ING form kata kerja, namun artinya menjadi passive.
Contoh:

  • This wall needs painting. (Tembok ini perlu dicat.)
  • I think your car needs servicing. (Mobil Anda perlu diservis.)
  • This problem need solving as soon as possible. (perlu dipecahkan)
Setelah WORTH (patut atau pantas) juga diikuti karja bentuk ING:
  • This book is worth reading. (Buku ini pantas untuk dibaca.)
  • Your work is worth appreciating. (Pekerjaan Anda pantas untuk dipuji.)
Gerund setalah prepositions: in, on, after, before, of, upon, besides dan prepositional phrases seperti due to, because of, akin to, dan lainnya.
  • After going home, he went to his friend's house.
  • Before eating, you'd better wash your hands.
  • Besides working in a restaurant, I also teach English.
  • Due to not knowing the way, he got lost.
  • Because of having no money, I decided to stay home.
Silahkan Saudara membuat contoh-contoh yang lain.

LATIHAN MEMBUAT KALIMAT DENGAN GERUND AGAR ANDA DAPAT MEMAHAMINYA DENGAN BAIK:
Tambahkan lah ING pada satu kata atau beberapa kata yang ada dalam kalimat.
Contoh : Lutfi loves fish in the sea. -->> Lutfi loves fishing in the sea.
  1. Cook is my hobby.
  2. Fitri enjoys sing English songs.
  3. My children hate go on foot to the market.
  4. I prefer take a train but because it's always crowded on the train, I consider go by bus.
  5. Do you intend study abroad after graduate from senior high school?
  6. Are you interested in cook Indonesian foods?
  7. Are you considering change your job?
  8. What will you do after finish your education?
  9. Bike makes you healthy and fit.
  10. Are you fond of smoke?
Selamat mencoba. Jika Anda ingin hasil kerja dikoreksi silahkan kirim ke kami jawabannya via email.

Silahkan lihat pembahasan lain tentang ING form of the verb