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COMPOUND SENTENCES--Simple Compound and Complex Sentences

Compound sentence atau kalimat majemuk adalah merupakan gabungan dua kalimat sederhana atau dua klausa utama atau lebih. Compound sentences terdiri dari simple compound and complex sentence.

  Misal:

  1.  The rain fell, and the wind blew.
  2. Shinta likes to cook, but Fitri loves singing.
  3. We played volley ball, and then we went swimming.
  4. Mrs. Lutfi is a house wife, but Mrs. Edison is a career woman.
Dalam kalimat majemuk setara tersebut di atas masing-masing independent clause mempunya subjek dan predikat sendiri. (The rain fell. The wind blew). Masing-masing subjek punya kata kerja masing-masing dan setara (sama-sama berada di main clause).
Perhatikan kata-kata sambung yang dipakai untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause sehingga menjadi kalimat majemuk setara.

Contoh:
  1. The door opened, and a cat suddenly entered the room .(dan)
  2. The restaurant is a very dirty, yet many people still want to eat there.(namun)
  3. I heard the conversation very clearly, for I was not far from them.(karena)
  4. You must study hard, or you will flunk in your exams.(atau)
  5. I want to live far away from the city, but my girl friend wants me to stay close to her.(tapi)
  6. Fitri was very tired, so she went to bed earlier.(jadi)
Perhatikan kita menggunakan tanda "," (koma) sebelum kata-kata sambung tersebut karena kedua kalimat tersebut setara. Kata sambung lainya yang dapat digunakan, yaitu:


Also
Juga
Besides
Disamping itu
Moreover
Lagi pula, tambahan pula
Still
Namun
Therefore
Oleh karenanya
Consequently
Akibatnya
Otherwise
Jika tidak
Accordingly
Karenanya
However
Namun demikian
Nevertheless
Meskipun demikian
Then

Furthermore
Lebih lagi
On the other hand
Di lain pihak
       
Apabila kita menggunakan kata-kata di atas, maka tanda titik koma (;) sebelum transisi tersebut dan tanda koma (,) setelah nya. Perhatikan contoh kalimatnya:
  1. Mr. Lutfi is the richest man in Samarinda; moreover, he is very generous.
  2. Our team tried the best to win; nevertheless, they finally lost the game.
  3. This method is very good; accordingly, you must use it.
  4. He has been absent very frequently; therefore, the teacher decided to disqualify them for a test.
Pelajari juga Kalimat-kalimat ini